Professional and Biographical Information

Submitted by Lloyd D. Barba on Monday, 5/13/2024, at 11:43 AM

I am a historian of religion in the Americas with training in Latinx history; American race, ethnicity, and immigration; and the American West/Mexico borderlands. My scholarship on Mexican farmworkers in California (1906-1966) is based on oral histories and extensive archival research I've conducted. It also draws from the fields of immigration history, material culture, and scholarship on Pentecostalism and Catholicism. My more recent and ongoing research on the Sanctuary Movement (1980s to present day) brings together questions from religious history and immigration studies to understand the context of social activism and politics.

My teaching incorporates these research topics but more broadly asks questions about the many communities that comprise "American Religion." I'm also deeply curious about ideas regarding the end of the world, the history of Evangelicalism, and immigration studies. As a first-generation college student and son of Mexican immigrants, I wholeheartedly enjoy teaching, mentoring, and publishing with students from all backgrounds. I received excellent mentorship as both an undergraduate and graduate student and only wish to offer the same to 蹤獲扦 students. If you would like to know more about courses in the Religion Department and/or Latinx and Latin American Studies, come by, and lets chat!


Ph.D. American Studies, University of Michigan (2016)
M.A. American Studies, University of Michigan (2011) 
B.A. History, Religion, University of the Pacific (2009) 

Selected Publications


(Oxford University Press, 2022;  paperback 2023)

-Winner 2024 Manfred Lautenschlaeger Award 

-Winner 2024 Pneuma Book Award for Best Book in the Study of Pentecostalism 

-Reviewed in ; ;

A Refuge of Resistance: A History of the US Sanctuary Movement  (under contract with Oxford University Press)

Cesar Chavez: A Catholic Social Prophet  (under contract with Oxford University Press)

Edited Collections:

, edited by Lloyd D. Barba, Andrea Shan Johnson, and Daniel Ram穩rez (Penn State University Press, 2023)

, edited by Lloyd D. Barba (Bloomsbury, forthcoming August 2024)

Sacred Refuge: New Histories of the U.S. Sanctuary Movement, edited by Lloyd D. Barba and Sergio M. Gonz獺lez (under contract with New York University Press)

A Place of Their Own: Religion and Immigration Among Latinos in the United States,  edited by Lloyd D. Barba, Silvia Pedraza, and Jo瓊o Chaves (under contract with Oxford University Press)

Articles and Chapters:

Review Essay - Rooted in Justice: Framing Latinx Religious History Across Las Am矇ricas Journal of the American Academy of Religion (forthcoming)

Sacred Motherhood in the Sanctuary Movement: Marian Imagery and the Family Fight for Immigrant Justice in Religion in the Americas: Transcultural and Trans-hemispheric Approaches, eds. Chris Tirres and Jessica Delgado (co-authored with Tatyana Castillo-Ramos) (University of New Mexico Press, forthcoming)

Introduction to Latin American and U.S. Latino Religions in North America , edited by Lloyd D. Barba (Bloomsbury, forthcoming August 2024), 1-41.

Guadalupe Represents La Cultura: A Mexican-American Mural-Shrine in California, eds., Karen Park and Katherine Dugan (Fordham University Press, 2024), 44-66. 

Dust, Dreams, and Discipline: Okies and the Transformation of Pentecostalism in California in , eds. Lloyd Barba, Andrea Shan Johnson, and Daniel Ram穩rez (Penn State University Press, 2023), 113-141.

"Salvadoran Religious Transnationalism," , (16:11-12) (December 2022), co-authored with Ana Vieytez

Latina/o Pentecostalism in the (Oxford University Press, 2022), 130-150.

Pentecostalisms Instrumental Faith and Alternative Power: Cesar Ch獺vez and Reies L籀pez Tijerina Among Pentecostal Farmworkers 1954-1956 in eds. Felipe Hinojosa, Sergio Gonzalez, and Maggie Elmore (New York University Press, 2022), 121-44.

Latinx Legacies and Leadership in the U.S. Sanctuary Movement 1980-2020   (3:1) (Fall 2021): 1-24, co-authored with Tatyana Castillo-Ramos.

Latinx Christianities in North America, Main Article, (Bloomsbury, 2021; paperback 2024), 159-176. 

Borderlands Believers: Migrant Laborers and the Growth of Pentecostalism from Los Angeles in , eds., Diane Winston and Richard Flory (Routledge, 2021), 58-73.

Capturing the Church Familia: Scriptural Documents and Photographs on the Agricultural Labor Circuit in eds., Ana Ramos-Zayas and M矇rida Rua (New York University Press, 2021), 457-475

The Borderlands Aesthetics of Mexican-American Pentecostalism in  eds., Kathryn Reklis and Sarah Covington (Routledge, 2020), 252-264

Trumps Wall: A Monument of (Un)Civil Religion Material and Visual Cultures of Religion hosted by Yale University Press (September 2019), online; 6,685 words

"Sacred Resistance: The Sanctuary Movement From Reagan to Trump,"  16 (2019): 11-36, co-authored with Tatyana Castillo-Ramos

 ----Also published in Spanish in the issue as: Resistencia Sagrada: El Movimiento Santuario desde Reagan a Trump pp. 38-66.

The New Issue: Approaches to Oneness Pentecostalism,"  (12:11) (November 2018) co-authored with Andrea Johnson

Farmworker Frames: 插梯棗莽喧籀梭勳釵棗 Counter Narratives in Californias Valleys,  (86:3) (September 2018): 691-723.

More Spirit in that Little Madera Church: Cesar Chavez and Borderlands Religious Soundscapes 1954-1966,  (94:1); (Spring 2017): 26-42

Jesus Would Be Jim Crowed: Bishop Robert Lawson on Race and Religion in the Harlem Renaissance,  (6:3); (2015): 1-32

Public Scholarship:


"Pilgrimage and revolution: How Cesar Chavez married faith and ideology in landmark farmworkers' march"  (March 28, 2023)

What is Pentecostal Christianity? (January 6, 2023)

The theology that has motivated one pastor to keep holding in-person services: And why its time to reverse course (March 24, 2020 (co-authored with Andrea Johnson, Daniel Ram穩rez, and Roy Fisher)

Evangelicals and Pentecostals Must Do More to Help Immigrants (June 25, 2018) (co-authored with Arlene Sanchez-Walsh)

An America Past Time: Latina/o Pentecostals and the 11/9 Election (December 12, 2016) 

Media Consultations:

Not only Catholic churches celebrate the feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe (December 12, 2022)

What does being a sanctuary city mean? What does Cape Cod offer? Here's information (September 26, 2022)

Florida Megachurch Pastor Tells Evangelical Congregants Not To Take COVID-19 Vaccine (December 9. 2020)

Pastor Flouting Stay-At-Home Order Remains Defiant After Parishioners Death (April 17, 2020)

How Reddit is helping ex-La Luz del Mundo members cope with life after the church (March 4, 2020)

Trump launches Evangelicals for Trump by visiting megachurch led by a Latino pastor (January 3, 2020)


-Latinx Religion

-Latinx Religion and Immigration

-The Sanctuary Movement: Religion, Activism, and Social Contestation -see course website:

-Race and Religion in the U.S. West/Mexico Borderlands

-Evangelical Christianity    

-Introduction to Comparative Religion: The End of the World (Judaism and Christianity)

-Introduction to Religion: Comparative Texts and Contexts (Islam and Christianity)

-American Religious Traditions: A History of Communities and Their Scriptures

-Religion on the Move: Religion and Migration in North America

-The Stuff of U.S. Religion: Visual and Material Approaches

- Latinx Immigrant Rights (Special Topics Seminar)

-Salvadoran Transnational Cultures (Special Topics Seminar)

Selected Awards and Fellowships

Young Scholars of American Religion Program (2022-2024) 

Mormonism and Mexico: A Case Study in Religion and the Borderlands Summer Institute, National Endowment for the Humanities (2022 participant)

Teaching and Learning Workshop for Early Career Latinx Religion Faculty, Wabash Center for Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion (2020-2021)

Louisville Institute's First Book Grant for Minority Scholars (2018-2019)

C3 Mellon Postdoctoral Fellowship, Latina/o Studies and Religion, Williams College (2016-2017)

Selected Conference Presentations

"'An Historic and Hallowed Principle in Religious Life:' The Usable Histories of the 1980s Sanctuary Movement,"  American Historical Association, American Society of Church History, annual conference, January 4-7, 2024

"Other Side of the Mountains: Book Panel on Retelling American Religious History from Agricultural California," American Academy of Religion, San Antonio, TX, November 18-21, 2023.  

"Mapping Churches: Mexican Pentecostalism and Industrial Agriculture 1916-1966," American Society for Church History, annual conference, January 5-8, 2023.

"Christian Experimentation in 20th Century Los Angeles" (roundtable convener and participant), American Society for Church History, annual conference, January 5-8, 2023.

"Migration, Creativity, and Labor: New Books in Religions in the Latina/o Americas" (Book panel featuring ) American Academy of Religion, Denver, CO, November 19-22, 2022.

"New Directions in the Study of the Sanctuary Movement" (roundtable convener and participant), American Academy of Religion, Denver, CO, November 19-22, 2022.

"The Acts of the 插梯棗莽喧籀梭勳釵棗s: Scripturalizing Healing Narratives in the Early Mexican Pentecostal Movement" Western History Association, annual conference, San Antonio, TX, October 12-15, 2022.

"Pentecostals and the Farm Worker Movement" (roundtable participant) Western History Association, annual conference, San Antonio, TX, October 12-15, 2022.

"Migrating Faith in Photos American Society for Church History, annual conference, New Orleans, LA, January 6-9, 2022.

La Migra No Profana El Santuario: Latinx Sanctuary Movement Leaders in the Age of Trump American Academy of Religion, annual conference, San Diego, CA, November 22-26, 2019 (co-presented with Tatyana Castillo-Ramos).

Unwrapping History: Women and the Maturation of Mexican-American Pentecostal Churches in America American Historical Association, annual meeting, Chicago, IL, January 3-6, 2019.

"Temples Made with Hands: Mexican Pentecostal Women and the Construction of Farmworker Temples in the Central Valley" Organization of American Historians, annual meeting, Sacramento, CA, April 12-14, 2018.

Through the Lens of the Subaltern: Mexican-Pentecostal Narratives and Church Family Photographs American Academy of Religion, annual conference, Boston, MA, November 18-21, 2017.

Reforming Chicanas/os and Christians: Pentecostals and the Pursuit of El Valle De Paz American Society for Church History, annual conference, Denver, CO, January 5-8, 2017.

The Dust District: Cosmopolitan and Okie Pentecostal Convergence in California The American Academy of Religion, annual conference, San Antonio, TX, November 19-22, 2016.

Est矇ticas Apost籀licas en la Fronteriza (translation: Apostolic Aesthetics in the Borderlands) Red de Investigadores del Fen籀meno Religioso en M矇xico, annual conference, Universidad Aut籀noma Metropolitana, M矇rida, Yucat獺n, April 15-17, 2015.

Dust and Denominations: Pentecostalism and Migration in Farm Labor Communities of Californias Valleys 1917-1964 American Society for Church History Ecclesiastical History Society joint conference, Oxford, England, April 3-5, 2014.

Faith with Works: Cesar Chavezs Religious Image National Association for Chicana and Chicano Studies 40th Annual Conference, Chicago, IL, March 14-17, 2012.

Scholarly Activities

Council Member, American Society of Church History, (elected)

Editorial Board, American Religion 

Co-chair the History of Christianity unit of the American Academy of Religion (AAR)

Steering committee member of the Latina/o Religion, Culture, and Society unit of the AAR

Bloomsbury Religion in North America Advisory Board

Peer reviewer for various academic journal articles, books, and proposals

Consultant for archival collections on Latin American and Latina/o religious figures and organizations.